On case sensitive volumes, two filenames can differ only in the case of a letter, whereas on case insensitive volumes this is not allowed. For example, on case sensitive volumes there could be two files names file.txt and File.txt, respectively, whereas on case insensitive volumes only one of the two can exist. By default, macOS is installed on a case insensitive volume.
If you keep the case of filenames consistent between source and destination and don’t use filenames that differ only in the case of some letters, then you won’t even notice if the volumes are case sensitive or insensitive. Otherwise, when syncing to a destination on a case insensitive volume, you might encounter some errors, which can be caused by:
- multiple source files with similar names, differing only in the case of some letters. Since these files cannot coexist on the case insensitive destination volume, the best solution is to use different names.
- A source file and a destination file with similar names, differing only in the case of some letters. The best solution is to enable the option “Remove files not on source”, which fill remove destination files that don’t exist on the source with the exact same name, so that the source file with the similar name can then be copied. After the sync, the option “Remove files not on source” can be disabled again.